Gynecology is the field of medicine that has to do with the health of the female reproductive system, and the breast. The components of the female reproductive system include organs such as the uterus, vagina, and ovaries. A gynecologist is an individual that has completed a medical degree and specialized in the field of gynecology. They are also trained to carry out surgeries on the female reproductive system. They are also capable of carrying out examinations such as pap smear, a test that is used for the diagnosis of disease such as cervical cancer, ovarian cancer and so on. A lot of people confuse gynecology with obstetrics. Obstetrics mainly has to do with pregnancy, pregnant women, and childbirth while gynecology focuses on the general health of women, with a focus on their reproductive system.
A gynecologist is a doctor that specializes in the treatment of women, with a focus on their reproductive system. To become a gynecologist, one has to first train as a medical doctor, then specialize for another 4 years in obstetrics and gynecology. This is then followed by a series of examinations, which would lead to various certifications.
It’s important to go see a consultant when you start noticing some abnormal changes in your reproductive system. Asides from this, it’s crucial to go for regular screening, especially when above the age of 21. It’s important to go for a regular pap smear. This test would help to detect any form of growth of any form of cancer. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and early detection goes a long way in reducing mortality associated with this condition. You should go consult a physician if you develop symptoms of the pelvis, vulva, and also if your present with vaginal and abdominal pain.
Females have the type of anatomy that links directly to the outside world. Their reproductive tract leads directly to the outside world. This increases their risk of catching infections, and also makes it easy for microorganisms such as bacteria to gain access to their reproductive tract. This is why pelvic inflammatory diseases are common in women. Other diseases that also affect them include gonorrhoeal infection, inflammation of the uterine tubes and so on. It’s important to go see a gynecologist if you think you might have an infection.
References Bates, G. and Bowling, M. (2012). Physiology of the female reproductive axis. Periodontology 2000, 61(1), pp.89-102. Khanafiev, G., Berzin, S. and Demidov, S. (2016). Therapy of pathology secretory disease of the breast. Tumors of the female reproductive system, 12(1), pp.37-45.