Coolsculpting is a noninvasive and effective cosmetic procedure designed to treat areas of the body with unsightly deposits of fat and fatty tissue. Coolsculpting has an exciting history. The mechanism behind cryolipolysis was discovered after children who sucked a lot of frozen popsicles formed dimples in their cheeks, which is as a result of the loss of fat in the cheeks, a phenomenon is known as “popsicles panniculitis.” Dr. Dieter Manstein and Dr. R. Rox Anderson, who are both associated with the Wellman Center of Photomedicine, affiliated with the Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, made note of this phenomenon and applied this same principle toward fat loss in other areas of the body, using the targeted application of cold to reduce the tissue temperature to about 40 degrees. The two doctors were able to identify a specific temperature that served to maximize the destruction of fat while leaving all of the other structures unharmed
CoolSculpting is performed either by a doctor or dermatologist using a handheld device known as the CoolSculpting applicator. The applicator looks precisely like the nozzles of a vacuum cleaner. During the procedure, a gel is first applied to the treatment area followed by the applicator which is used to delivered controlled freezing to the targeted fat. The device is gently used to massage the skin while delivering cooling and suction at the same time. The procedure can take anywhere between one and three hours Before starting your treatment, you will be advised to avoid any anti-inflammatory medications, as this can increase your risk of skin bruising or exacerbate the severity of an existing bruise.
There are certain factors that must be satisfied before considering CoolSculpting, and they include You must be in good health condition. You must possess a healthy skin with good skin elasticity and turgor. Your weight must fall within the target body weight Your skin must have discrete and distinct pockets of fat with well-defined borders.
Skin redness. Mild to moderate muscle cramping Itching and tingling sensation. Swelling or abdominal bloating. Itching and tingling sensations. Localized numbness at the site of treatment. Skin sensitivity Mild skin swelling Firmness These symptoms are inevitable and can last up to a week. They are mostly caused by the action of the vacuum suction and the cold temperatures created by the CoolSculpting machine. Most of these symptoms always tend to resolve on their own within a matter of minutes, without the need for any special or additional interventions.
Rare Complications that may occur with CoolSculpting include Vasovagal symptoms: Symptoms such as profuse sweating, lightheadedness, nausea and even loss of consciousness. These symptoms are triggered a sudden in blood pressure and heart rate. Freeze burn: This is a very rare complication and is mostly caused by the error. The patient may experience first and second-degree frostbite which always heal without any treatment. A hernia: This procedure can weaken the muscle in the inguinal area causing a new hernia to develop or worsen an existing hernia. Subcutaneous induration: You may notice uneven areas of distinct little bumps in the treated area. This is sometimes accompanied by Paradoxical adipose hyperplasia: This is by far the worst complication that can occur after CoolSculpting procedure. It is believed to be caused by fat cells increase in size rather in dying in response to cold temperature. This is usually seen about 2 to 5 months post-treatment. A study conducted in 2014 shows that the incidence of paradoxical adipose hyperplasia with CoolSculpting is thought to be less than 0.1 percent, making it very rare. Researchers are not exactly sure why paradoxical adipose hyperplasia occur but mostly seems to develop more in men than in women. Skin scarring or change of skin color. Reduced movement of the tongue or slow response following treatment to the chin or neck area. Xerostomia or reduced saliva production Dark skin coloration or skin hypopigmentation. When Will I See CoolSculpting Results? it usually takes about three months or 90 days for patients to start seeing results. While it is also possible for some to start seeing some improvements as early as three weeks post-treatment. Before starting your procedure, you will be advised that result aren’t always predictable. You may notice some mild asymmetry. Therefore, you may require additional treatments to correct any mistake or errors. If done correctly, you are expected to see a 20-25% reduction of fat within three months, following a single treatment session. CoolSculpting and Liposuction Coolsculpting is a completely non-invasive and non-surgical procedure. On the other hand, liposuction is an invasive surgical procedure. It works by using large suction tubes to suck out fat from targeted areas of the body. Liposuction can extract a large volume of fat at a time, producing an instant result. Like every surgery procedure, liposuction carries so many risks and the possibility of serious side effects. Because liposuction involves general anesthesia, this also adds to the overall risk and complications. Coolsculpting vs. Laser Lipolysis The contrast between CoolSculpting and laser lipolysis is like comparing fire and life. Where CoolSculpting utilizes cold temperature to destroy fat cells, Laser lipolysis utilizes high powered fiber-optic lasers of varying wavelength to melt and dissolve fat cells. The melted fat is then removed through a suction tube, a process similar to liposuction or allowed to be absorbed by the body and then metabolized. While CoolSculpting is noninvasive, laser lipolysis is minimally invasive. One of the downsides of laser lipolysis is that the laser been used carries more risk than the CoolSculpting procedure. The laser can damage surrounding healthy tissues such as blood vessels, nerve fibers, and internal organs. Damage to any of these structures can result in more severe complications and also prolong the healing and recovery period. CoolSculpting vs. Sculpture There are so many similarities between CoolSculpting and Sculpture as they work to achieve the same goal. They are both non-invasive procedures requiring no anesthesia. The only difference with sculpture is that instead of freezing fat cells, laser energy to heat the fat cells until they die. During a SculpSure procedure, laser applicators are placed over the treatment area, allowing the heat generated from the laser to melt the fat in the area and then removed from the body via the lymphatic system. Both procedures require weeks to several months for the results to become visible. Many patients who have used both procedures report being more comfortable to Sculpture than CoolSculpting due to the fact that there are fewer side effects with Sculpture, except for mild bruising and marks left on the skin. The only edge CoolSculpting holds over sculpture is that it has been available for a more extended period of time, even though they are both FDA approved. Coolsculpting vs. Liposonix Like CoolSculpting, liposonix is also a noninvasive, non-surgical fat reducing procedure that utilizes ultra-high intensity ultrasound energy to permanently destroy fat cells in certain areas of the body, such as the abdomen and the loins. Suitable candidates for liposonix are patients who have body weight close to the ideal body mass index and who have at least one inch of pinchable fatty tissue. People with a body mass index above 30 or looking for a weight loss program should consider other treatment. For this reason, liposonix cannot be used on all parts of the body. One benefit of Liposonix over CoolSculpting is the extra effect of the ultrasound to stimulate collagen fibers and tighten the skin above it. One of the most important downsides to Liposonix is that it can be very painful compared to cool sculpting, which is painless. The pain associated with the Liposonix procedure can be so severe that a lot of patients will require strong analgesics like Vicodin or Percocet in order to endure the pain. Coolsculpting vs. Velashape Velashape technology for fat reduction has been in use long before coolsculpting was invented. Where coolsculpting uses cold temperature to freeze away fat, velashape combines three different technologies, i.e. radio frequency waves, laser energy, and suction massage to dissolve the fat. Despite velashape proven safety profile, it can produce unreliable results. However, the only advantage velashape has over coolsculpting is that it uses deep tissue massage to improve blood flow to the treated site. This results in the skin having a firm and aesthetic appearance, at the same time getting rid of ugly looking cellulite Coolsculpting vs. TruSculpt truSculpt is another fat removal procedure that uses radiofrequency energy to kill fat cells. It also helps to make the skin tight and treat skin cellulite. truSculpt is ideal for new mothers who wish to get rid of any leftover baby weight and tighten areas of loose skin; a benefit CoolSculpting does not offer. References Jones, I., Vanaman Wilson, M., Guiha, I., Wu, D., & Goldman, M. (2018). A split-body study is evaluating the efficacy of a conformable surface cryolipolysis applicator for the treatment of male pseudogynecomastia. Lasers In Surgery And Medicine, 50(6), 608-612. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22784 Singh, S., Geddes, E., Boutrous, S., Galiano, R., & Friedman, P. (2015). Paradoxical adipose hyperplasia secondary to cryolipolysis: An underreported entity?. Lasers In Surgery And Medicine, 47(6), 476-478. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22380 Stevens, W., Pietrzak, L., & Spring, M. (2013). Broad Overview of a Clinical and Commercial Experience With CoolSculpting. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, 33(6), 835-846. doi: 10.1177/1090820×13494757 Wassmer, B., Zemmouri, J., Rochon, P., & Mordon, S. (2010). Comparative Study of Wavelengths for Laser Lipolysis. Photomedicine And Laser Surgery, 28(2), 185-188. doi: 10.1089/pho.2008.2480