Below are some of the reasons you should visit a hematologist: Hemophilia Hemochromatosis Deep vein thrombosis Leukemia Multiple myelomas Lymphoma Arterial thromboembolism Neutropenia Anemia Sickle cell diseases Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
This is a hereditary disease. It’s a disorder in which excess amount of iron is absorbed from food in the intestine into the blood and other organs on the body, especially the liver, heart and pancreas. The excess amount of iron in the body could lead to severe conditions and complications. Individuals affected by hemochromatosis might develop diseases such as heart diseases, liver problems and even diabetes. The cause of this disease is purely genetic, and earlier mentioned, it’s usually passed down from one generation to another.
Some people affected by this disease might not present with any signs and symptoms, although some people do. Some of the signs and symptoms of this disease are as follows: Pain in the joint Abdominal pain Weakness The above mentioned are some of the early symptoms, some of the late presentations include the following: Diabetes mellitus Loss of libido Erectile dysfunction Cardiovascular diseases Heart failure Liver diseases Majority of people affected by this disease do not present with any signs and symptoms until they are adults. Statistics have shown that patients that present with manifestations are usually between the age range of 50 and 60. It has also been observed that this disease occurs more in menopausal women. This can be attributed to the fact that, they no longer lose blood and iron through menstruation and pregnancy
• Dizziness: This occurs due to the low amount of haemoglobin or red blood cells. The red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen. • Chest pain • Cold extremities: This includes the hands and the feet. • Insomnia: This is a condition in which anemia patients develop sleep problems. • Cramps in the leg: This is when patients with anemia present with sudden pain in their lower extremities. • Skin pallor: This is more evident in fair skinned people. Their skin becomes pale, primarily due to insufficient blood. • Lack of concentration: People affected by anemia, find it difficult focusing. They might also develop deterioration in their cognition.
What Are the Classes of Leukemia? Leukemia can be classified into these two main types: Acute leukemia: Acute leukemia is the type of leukemia in which there are abnormal and immature cells in the blood. These cells are not capable of carrying out their normal functions. These cells multiply quickly, which eventually makes the condition severe. The earlier this disease is diagnosed, the better the prognosis. Chronic leukemia: There are different types of chronic leukemia. While some produce a lot of cells, others produce too a small number of cells. The cells in chronic leukemia are usually mature, as compared to acute leukemia. These cells do not multiply rapidly, and patients might not present with symptoms for a long time. What Are The Types Of Leukemia? Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia: This is the most prevalent type of leukemia in children. Although it also occurs in adults too. Acute myelogenous leukemia: This type of leukemia is also common too. It happens in children and adults. However, it is the most common type of leukemia in adults. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: This is the most common leukemia in adults. Patients may live with this type of leukemia for years without presenting with any symptoms. Chronic myelogenous leukemia: This type of leukemia majorly occurs in adults. Just like chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, patients might not present with any signs and symptoms until after many years, Others: There are other types of leukaemia. These include hairy cell leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndrome and disorders. What Are the Risk Factors of Leukemia? There are some factors that increase the risk of leukaemia. They include the following: Genetic disorders: Patients with genetic disorders such as Down syndrome have a higher risk of developing leukaemia. Exposure to chemical toxins: There are some chemical toxins that are present in materials we use often. This includes toxins in insecticides, herbicides and so on. Smoking: Cigarettes contain over 64 carcinogens. They increase the risk of developing leukaemia. Family history: People that have relatives the has or had leukaemia have a high risk of also developing leukaemia. Past medical history: People with a previous history of cancer treatment have an increased risk of developing leukaemia 5. Lymphoma Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that involves the cells of the immune system, also known as lymphocytes. These cells belong to the reticuloendothelial system. They are usually found in organs such as the spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and so on. These lymphocytes will grow out of control. There are two main types of lymphoma. These are non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. The non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most popular type of lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is an uncommon cancer that develops in the lymphatic system, which is a network of vessels and glands spread throughout your body. There are two types of lymphoma; they include Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is more common than the non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This blood disorder can affect people of any age group. However, it’s more prevalent among people between the ages of 20 and 40 years old. In Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the cells in the lymphatic system develop abnormally, and might also move from where they are to other parts of the body. Some of the symptoms of this disorder include fever, loss of weighing and night sweats. Also, the patient would experience an enlargement of the lymph nodes, especially in the neck, axilla, and the groin. The most common and prevalent cause of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is the Epstein-Barr virus. However, there are some other risk factors that could also cause the disease. 6. Multiple Myeloma Multiple myelomas is a type of blood cancer that develops in the plasma cells. The plasma cells are a type of white blood cell, and they’re responsible for the production of antibodies. These antibodies protect the body against germs. Multiple myelomas cause these cells to multiply and accumulate in the bone marrow, where they “suffocate” the healthy blood cells. Asymptomatic patients don’t usually present with any signs and symptoms. However, there are a number of treatment options for symptomatic patients. Some of the signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma include bone pain, constipation, nausea, weakness, loss of appetite, recurrent infections and so on. This disease can be treated through different treatment plans. Some of them include targeted therapy, biological therapy, corticosteroids, radiation and stem cell therapy. Hematologist Near Me It’s important to go see a hematologist if you suspect you might have any of the signs and symptoms of the disease above. In addition, people with the above risk factors should also go for regular check-ups. References Hawley, R. (2012). The Cancer Stem Cell Conundrum in Multiple Myeloma. Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 02(05). Giralt (2012). Stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma: current and future status. Haematology Maisnar, V., Radocha, J., Jebavy, L., Zak, P., Kmonicek, M. and Maly, J. (2009). A394 Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma: One Center Experience. Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma, 9, pp.S63-S64. u, J. and Li, Y. (2013). A new hope for patients suffering from multiple myeloma. Stem Cell Research & Therapy, 4(6), p.144.