A gastroenterologist is trained and can carry out a number of procedures, especially the ones pertaining to the treatment of the diseases of the digestive tract. Below are examples of the procedures; Endoscopic ultrasound: This is a procedure that is done to examine and evaluate the state of the upper and lower part of the gastrointestinal tract. It can also be used to assess other organs of the abdomen. Colonoscopy: This is done to diagnose and detect any form of growth in the colon. This is mostly done to detect colon cancer and polyps. Biopsy: This is done to evaluate the presence of inflammation and fibrosis. It can also be used to confirm any form of malignant or benign growth in the digestive tract. Double balloon: This is used for the evaluation and assessment of the small intestine. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: This is used for the diagnosis of and checking the presence of stones in the gallbladder, the presence of tumors, and scar tissues in the bile duct.
As mentioned earlier, a gastroenterologist can treat diseases of the digestive tract. Examples of this disease include the following; Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ulcer Irritable bowel syndrome Hepatitis Inflammatory bowel disease Hemorrhoids. Pancreatitis Biliary disorders Colon cancer Appendicitis
This is a disease that happens when the acid content of the stomach flows back regularly into the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that connects the mouth and the stomach. This disease happens to a lot of people. It’s a chronic disease. Some of the symptoms of this disease include the taste of acid in the mouth, heartburn, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, pain in the chest, and so on. Some of the complications of this disease include Barrett’s esophagus, esophagitis and so on. This disease varies in severity, so the symptoms presented by patients might differ. This disease can be corrected by modifying your diet, and lifestyle. However, the moderate and severe forms need the attention of a gastroenterologist. Some of the factors that increase the chances of this disease happening include pregnancy, smoking, obesity, and some medications such as antihistamines, calcium channel blockers, sleeping drugs and so on. Physicians treat this disease by administering drugs like proton pump inhibitors, antacids, prokinetics.
hese are Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E. Hepatitis A and E are spread through the fecal-oral route, while the others spread through the exchange of body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva. Hepatitis B is transmitted mostly through sexual intercourse. Also, it can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby, through vertical transmission. Hepatitis A, B and D can be prevented by receiving immunization. You should contact your gastroenterologist for proper diagnosis and treatment if you notice you have any of the symptoms of the disease.
Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. The function of the pancreas is to produce enzymes that aid in the digestion of food. The pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine functions. The pancreas also produces hormones that control the level of glucose in the body. Pancreatitis can either be acute or chronic, depending on the duration of the disease. Chronic pancreatitis can persist for many years, while acute pancreatitis usually lasts for about 3 months. Acute pancreatitis does resolve by itself without treatment most times. Some of the signs and symptoms of acute pancreatitis include abdominal pain, pain that radiates to the back, fever, vomiting, and tenderness when the abdomen is palpated. Some of the signs and symptoms of chronic pancreatitis include pain in the upper abdomen, weight loss, greasy stools. The exact cause of pancreatitis is unknown. However, there are many factors that could lead to the development of the disease. Some of these factors include alcoholism, medications, cystic fibrosis, gallstones, infection, pancreatic cancer and so on. Pancreatitis can lead to complications when it’s not well managed. Some of the complications are an infection, development of pseudocyst, renal failure, diabetes, malnutrition and respiratory problems. The treatment procedure for pancreatitis includes pain medications, intravenous fluids, surgery and so on. You should contact your gastroenterologist if you notice any of the signs and symptoms of this disease. 6. Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a condition that affects the large intestine. The colon is the last part of the digestive system. The majority of colon cancer cases starts with a growth of small and benign cells, that eventually accumulate to form a tumor. These tumors develop into polyps which could eventually become colon cancer. Some of the signs and symptoms of colon cancer include an alteration in the bowel habits, diarrhea, constipation and so on. What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Colon Cancer? Some of the symptoms of colon cancer include the following; An alteration in the bowel habits Diarrhea Constipation Patients might present with weakness Patients might lose a lot of weight. This doesn’t occur in the initial stages of the disease, Patients might notice blood in their stool When Is It Important to Go See A Gastroenterologist? Overall, it’s important to go see a gastroenterologist if you noticed you’re manifesting any of the following symptoms; When you noticed blood in your stool: There could be many reasons why an individual would have blood in their stool. Overall, it’s important to visit your physician for proper evaluation, diagnosis and treatment. When you can’t swallow: Having difficulty swallowing food can lead to the loss of weight, and also cause an individual lose interest in eating. This might eventually lead to psychological problems, reducing the productivity of the person. Abdominal pain: It’s important to go see the doctor if you are experiencing persistent abdominal pain. When you’re an older adult: Older adults, especially people above the age of 50, need to visit their gastroenterologist for screening regularly. This would allow the physician to detect any form of growth that might develop and take care of the problem in the early stages. Some of the diseases of the digestive tract, associated with aging include colon cancer. References Brand, R. (2006). Risk of colon cancer in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer patients as predicted by fuzzy modelling: Influence of smoking. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 12(28), p.4485. Buc, E., Kwiatkowski, F., Alves, A., Panis, Y., Mantion, G. and Slim, K. (2006). Tobacco Smoking: A Factor of Early Onset of Colorectal Cancer. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 49(12), pp.1893-1896. Genel, S. (2013). Clinical Presentation of Celiac Disease Masks Therapeutic Perspectives of Celiac Disease. Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta, 04(04).