A photofacial is a term that is used for the type of skin treatment that makes use of some form of light-based technology. There are two main types of photofacial treatments, and they both rely on the light-emitting diode, and intense pulsed light for the treatment of skin problems. However, when people refer to photofacial treatment, they’re mostly referring to the Intense photofacial treatment. As earlier mentioned, the IPL photofacial treatment is a non-invasive procedure, that is used for the treatment of various skin conditions, such as acne, wrinkles, age spots, sun damages, rosacea, facial veins and so on. It can also be used for the treatment of stretch marks, and improve the production of collagen.
The Intense Pulsed Light photofacial can be used for the treatment of various diseases. Some of the diseases include the following: Broken capillaries Rosacea Freckles Acne Hyperpigmentation of the skin Sun damage Spider veins
Rosacea is a chronic disease of the skin that affects many people. The exact cause of this disease isn’t known yet, and there is no found cure for the disease. This disease affects the face and causes the development of conditions such as pimples, swelling, redness, small and superficial blood vessels in the skin. Other parts of the body can also be affected, such as the cheeks, nose, forehead, and the chin. This disease might also cause an enlargement of the nose. Some of the factors that could increase the risk of developing rosacea include family history. Other factors that could also worsen this disease include alcohol, sunlight, exercise, cold, stress, the use of some certain facial creams, and so on. The signs and symptoms of this disease depend on the diagnosis. Although this disease isn’t curable, the symptoms can be managed. Physicians treat this disease by administering drugs like antibiotics, such as metronidazole, tetracycline and so on. Sunscreen can also be used to reduce the risk of developing this disease. IPL photofacial is also another way of reducing the signs and symptoms of this disease.
These are factors that increase the risk of developing acne. Below are some of them: Age: Studies have found a connection between the hormone levels and acne. This is why the disease is more prevalent in teenagers and young adults. Stress: Contrary to what a lot of people believe, stress doesn’t cause acne. However, it worsens the condition, when the individual already has it. Family history: Studies have shown that this skin disorder runs in families, especially in first degree relatives and in twins. People that have a family history of acne should endeavour to visit a dermatologist for the best and effective way to prevent or treat the disease. Hormonal changes: Acne tends to develop when children hit puberty. This can be attributed to the surge in their hormone levels. This disease tends to occur more when there is a surge in hormones. During puberty, androgenic hormones do cause the follicle glands to grow bigger and produce more oil. In addition, there are some medical conditions that cause the surge in sex hormones and hence induce acne. Some of the include polycystic ovarian syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and so on
How Is Acne Treated? A lot of people do make use of over-the-counter medications. However, if this doesn’t work, it’d be beneficial to contact your dermatologist. They can diagnose, and administer the right medications, or even perform a procedure if there is a need for it. Some of the common medications dermatologists prescribe include retinoid, antibiotics, salicylic acid, dapsone and so on. Procedures carried out by dermatologists include lasers and photodynamic therapy, chemical peels, steroid injection, and extraction of whiteheads, blackheads and so on. IPL photofacial also works for the treatment of acne. Sun damage Sun damage has a serious effect on the skin when constantly exposed for a more extended number of years. Sun damage might lead to conditions such as cancer of the skin, premature ageing of the skin and so on. This is due to the high amount of ultra-violet rays reaching the skin. Some of the common skin disorders such as the easy bruising of the skin mostly occur as a result of the long-term exposure of the skin to sunlight. Some of the effects of sun damage on the skin include the following: Changes in the skin texture: This occurs mostly as a result of the effect of the ultraviolet radiations on the skin. People affected by this condition would present with a thick skin, that has coarse wrinkles, on the back. In addition, the skin might also be thinned, with fine wrinkles. These conditions might make the skin bruise easily, and even tear easily. There might be changes in the blood vessels, which could lead to the easy bruising of the skin. Other conditions associated with the alterations in blood vessels include the development of telangiectasis in the skin. This is a condition that occurs on the face. Changes in the colour of the skin: This occurs due to the chronic exposure of the skin to sun radiations. The skin might develop solar lentigos, which are brown spots, that are caused by sun radiations. This tends to be more obvious in light-skinned They present with freckles, especially on their hands, chest, and also on the back. Other conditions that are also associated with this include guttate hypomelanosis and poikiloderma of Civatte. Moles: Moles are also referred to as Nevi. They occur due to the exposure of the skin to excessive and prolonged exposure to the sun. It is normal to develop some moles as we grow older. However, there are some abnormal moles that might develop on the skin. These types of moles develop in parts of the body that are not exposed to the sun. These kind of moles are big and appear irregular, as compared to normal moles. The presence of these atypical moles is a sign that the patient might eventually develop melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer. Pre-cancerous skin changes: Some of the skin changes associated with sun damage includes the development of red, scaly lesions on the face, and on the upper extremities. This condition is also known as actinic keratosis. They are known as actinic cheilitis when they occur on the lips. This skin disorder is considered a premalignant condition, because of its ability to develop into a squamous cell carcinoma. Hyperpigmentation of the Skin Hyperpigmentation of the skin is a common skin disorder in which there are some dark patches on the skin. The area with the patches appears darker than the surrounding skin. This mostly occurs as a result of the abnormal deposit of melanin in the affected area. This condition can happen to anyone, regardless of the race or skin colour of the individual. Melasma is an example of hyperpigmentation. They are chloasma spots that are similar in look to age spots. The difference is that they’re bigger than them. Other conditions that could lead to the development of hyperpigmentation of the skin include pregnancy. Pregnancy leads to the excess production of melanin. The causes of the hyperpigmentation of the skin of the abdomen, and other parts of the body. In addition, people who use birth control pills, have the tendency to develop this condition. This can be attributed to the hormonal changes they undergo, as a result of consuming the pills. In this case, the affected person should stop consuming the drug. Other conditions that could lead to hyperpigmentation include surgical scars, age spots, and so on. Some of the way dermatologists treat this disease is by administering bleaching creams that contain hydroquinone. They work by reducing the production of hydroquinone. In severe cases, creams that contain tretinoin, and cortisone may also be used. However, it’s important to know that it might take a couple of months before the individual might see any improvement. IPL photofacial is also an effective way of treating this hyperpigmentation. Freckles Freckles are tiny brown spots on the skin. They tend to develop in areas of the skin that are exposed to the skin. They occur as a result of the excessive production of melanin. Melanin is responsible for the colour of the skin and hair. Studies have shown that freckles develop as a result of the stimulation of the ultraviolet radiation. Freckles are categorized into two; these include ephelides and solar lentigines. The later is the most common of the two freckles. What Causes Freckles? Freckles occur as a result of the prolonged exposure of the skin to sunlight, and sunburns. Freckles can develop on anyone that doesn’t protect his/her skin against the effect of ultraviolet radiations. They grow on the face, on the back of the hands, and on the upper body. Freckles are more prevalent in people of Caucasian and Asian descent. Some of the factors that increase the risk of developing freckles include environment and genetics. IPL Photofacial for Acne Scars IPL photofacial works effectively in the treatment of acne scars. IPL photofacial operates on a high-powered, hand-held, computer-controlled and regulated flashgun, that produces strong, and visible broad-spectrum pulse of light. Filters are used to remove the wavelength of light that could be harmful to the skin. The light source is capable of penetrating the different layers of the skin. The aim of this procedure is to target the lower layers of the skin while leaving the upper layers untouched. The heat generated from the light beam can be used to treat different skin disorders. The IPL photofacial that is designed for the treatment of acne scars do release yellow, green and red light. They light damages and eliminates the bacteria in the skin. On the other hand, the red light targets and eliminates the overactive sebaceous glands in the skin. All these processes make the IPL photofacial effective in the treatment of acne scars. Photofacial for Wrinkles IPL photofacial is also useful in the treatment of wrinkles. They can be used for the elimination of red spots, and also remove wrinkles. IPL photofacial does this by stimulation of collagen production in the area affected. Does it Treat Hyperpigmentation or Brown Spots? IPL photofacial can be used for the treatment and removal of brown spots on the face. This treatment helps even out the texture of the skin, and also close large pores on the skin. Photofacial Side Effects Some of the side effects of IPL photofacial include the following: Redness and tenderness of the skin, especially two days after the treatment. Patients might present with blisters and burns. Although this is quite uncommon. Patients might present with changes in their skin pigmentation. Their skin might be too light, or too dark after the procedure. This leaves them unsatisfied. Scabbing: Patients might present with the appearance of brown spots on their skin. Although, they might eventually crust over, and fall off the skin after some time. What to Expect After IPL Photofacial This procedure is not painful, although it might cause some discomfort. The procedure is usually short, and might not take more than 45 minutes. Patients might feel some tenderness and redness on the part of the skin treated. Patients are free to apply to make up after the procedure. BBl Photofacial BBI photofacial is also known as broadband light is a new technology used for the treatment of skin disorders, and also beautifying the skin. This procedure is mostly used for the treatment of diseases such as rosacea, removal of age spots, sun damages, and other skin conditions. The kind of BBI photofacial you receive would be made according to the type of skin you have. This procedure is also effective for the treatment of freckles. Cost Of IPL Photofacial The price of an IPL photofacial procedure varies. However, the average price is between $300 to $500. This depends on the location and the physician that would be carrying out the procedure. Recovery and Downtime The recovery time is really good. Apart from the tenderness of the face patients might feel after the procedure, they’re free to apply to make up after the procedure. You should expect to be perfectly fine two weeks after the procedure. References Black, M. and Marshman, G. (2010). Dermatology and pemphigus vulgaris: Association or coincidence?. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 52(2), pp.e11-e14. Greenberg, S. (2014). Sustained autoimmune mechanisms in dermatomyositis. The Journal of Pathology, 233(3), pp.215-216. Lam, C. and Vleugels, R. (2012). Management of cutaneous bruises. Dermatologic Therapy, 25(2), pp.112-134.