Ophthalmologist near me

Ophthalmologist near me

Best Ophthalmologist near me

Best Ophthalmologist near me and Diseases Treated by Opthalmologist

All About Ophtalmology

Ophthalmology is a field under medicine and surgery that focuses on the structure, the diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the eyeball and orbit. An ophthalmologist is a doctor that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with the eyes. Typically, they could be medical doctors or doctors of osteopathy. They are trained to take care of the eyes and carry out activities such as eye examinations, medical and surgical care, evaluation of signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affects the eyes. To become an ophthalmologist, one has to obtain a medical degree, then proceed to a residency program in ophthalmology. They are trained to carry out both simple, complex and complicated diseases of the eyes. They are capable of treating all the types of diseases that might affect the eyes.

What I Need to Know about Cataracts

This is a condition in which the lens of the eyes become clouded. Some of the signs and symptoms of cataract are that people affected with the disease find it difficult to read, drive at night, and so on. Other symptoms include difficulty seeing at night, the appearance of halos around lights, development of double vision in one eye, patients might have to change their glasses regularly, they might require a brighter light to read, or see clearly. This disease has a slow onset but worsens over time. The exact cause of cataract isn’t known yet. However, it has been associated with conditions such as old age, and injuries to the lens tissues. Studies have also shown that genetics might play a role in the development of the disease.

Ehheects of Steroids on Cataracts

A cataract can also develop as a result of the chronic use of steroidal medications, previous eye surgery, and as a complication of diabetes mellitus. Some factors have been identified to contribute to the development of cataract. Some of the risk factors include old age, diseases like diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, inflammation and so on. Ophthalmologists do recommend surgery when the disease starts impairing the daily activity of the patient. Surgery has been identified as the most effective treatment for this disease.

Diseases Treated by Ophtalmologist

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the most common disorders of the eyes. It’s a condition in which the optic nerve is impaired. This is mostly caused by the intraocular pressure. This disease is most common in people above the age of 60, although it can affect anyone regardless of the age. Glaucoma has a gradual onset. A lot of people don’t realize they have the disorder until it reaches the advanced stage. It’s important to diagnose the disease before it gets to the advanced stage. This is because it could lead to an irreversible vision loss. There are two main types of glaucoma. These are open-angle glaucoma and acute angle-closure glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma

The signs and symptoms presented by patients depend on the type of glaucoma the patient has. For open-angle glaucoma, patients might present with symptoms such as tunnel vision, and an impairment of the peripheral vision in the two eyes. For acute-angle glaucoma, patients present with symptoms such as redness of the eyes, blurred vision, eye discomfort, headache, halos around bright lights and so on. This condition if not managed well, can lead to blindness, that isn’t reversible. Some of the factors that contribute to the development of this disease include old age, short and long sightedness, prolonged use of steroid medications, family history of glaucoma, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, sickle cell anemia and so on. Ophthalmologists treat this disease by administering eye drops containing prostaglandins, carbonic anhydrase, beta blockers and so on. They might also carry out surgery in severe cases. It’s important to see an ophthalmologist if you have a family history of glaucoma, or if you notice some of the symptoms.

Conjuctivitis

This is a condition in which there is an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin transparent membrane that lines the eyelid, and also part of the white part of the eyes. This disease occurs when the blood vessels in the conjunctiva become This is what leads to the red color of the eyes when this disease occurs. Conjunctivitis has different causes. Some of them include infection. This could be by viral or bacterial. In addition, conjunctivitis could be caused by allergic reactions. Some of the signs and symptoms of this disease include the redness of the eyes, discharge of fluid from the eyes. Patients might also feel some itchiness in the affected eyes. Some of the factors that contribute to the development of this disease include infection, use of contact lenses, allergy and so on. It’s important to go see an ophthalmologist when you notice any of the above signs and symptoms. They diagnose the disease based on the signs and symptoms of the patient. Ophthalmologists treat this disease by administering eye drops. The eye drops could contain antibiotics or steroids.

Nystagmus

This is a condition in which there are involuntary movements of the eyes. This could be congenital, and can also be acquired. This disease could also occur as a result of a neurological disorder. It could also be triggered by some factors such as alcohol, stimulants, some drugs and so on. Ophthalmologists treat this disease by administering medications. Examples of medications used for the treatment of this disease include baclofen and gabapentin. Surgery could also be done in severe cases.

Retinoblastoma

This is a cancerous disease that affects the eyes. It mainly affects the retina. The retina is the dark, sensitive lining in the eyes. This disease mostly occurs in children and young adults. According to studies, retinoblastoma is the most common form of cancer that affects the eyes in children. Some of the signs and symptoms of this disease include redness of the eyes, swelling of the eyes and so on. This disease mainly occurs as a result of the mutation of some genes in the eyes. This disease can also spread into nearby tissues of the eyes. Ophthalmologists treat this disease by performing procedures such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, laser therapy and so on.

Ways To Make Your Eyes More Healthy

It’s important to take care of our eyes. The eyes are one of the most important organs in our body. Without the eyes, we would not be able to see the beauty of the world or even carry out most of our activities. This is why we should do things that would improve our eyesight. Below are some ways to keep the eyes healthy: Eat healthy food: There is some specific food that is good for our eyesight. Examples of these types of food include those that contain nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acid, lutein, zinc, vitamins C and E and so on. The vitamins, in particular, help in preventing the development of macular degeneration — one of the most common eye diseases in the world. Other examples of eye diseases that could be prevented by eating healthy food include cataract. Below are some healthy foods, that could help improve your eyesight: • Green vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, kale and so on. • Fish: Examples of this include salmon, tuna and so on. • Meat: Pork, turkey, chicken, and oyster all boost eyesight. • Fruits: Examples of fruit that improves the eyesight include oranges, lemon, carrot, pineapple and so on.

How to keep your Eyes healthy

Habits for maintaining a Healthy Eye

Smoking does the body no good. In fact, studies have shown that smoking a stick of cigarette exposes one to over 64 carcinogens. Apart from increasing the risk of developing cancer, smoking also increases the risk of developing diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration, and damage to the optic nerve and so on. Although it’s difficult to quit smoking, the benefits of quitting are totally worth it. You should consult your physician for help if you find it difficult to stop the habit. Endeavor to wear sunglasses: Exposing the eyes to a lot of ultraviolet radiations from the sun damages the eyes. This increases the risk of developing many diseases of the eyes. Studies have shown that Ultraviolet rays exposure increases the chance of developing eye diseases such as macular degeneration and cataract. This is why it’s beneficial to get glasses that can block 100% of the different radiations from the sun. Contact lenses are also helpful, although they’re not as effective as sunglasses. Polaroid glasses are also useful in protecting our eyes from glares, especially when driving.

Don’t strain your eyes: One of the ways of maintaining good eyesight is by making sure we don’t strain our eyes. One of the means of doing this is by ensuring we read under bright lights. Straining the eyes to read prints spoils the eyes. Also, people that have to stare at a computer screen or mobile phone should wear glasses that are good for looking at these screens. Staring at a screen for long periods would eventually lead to eye strains, which is terrible for the eyes. Other ways of going about this are by strategically placing your screen so that it’s on the same level as your eyes, and also looking away from the screen for at least every 20 minutes. References Ayala, M., & Cuklev, F. (2018). Indistinguishable gene expression between healthy eyes and eyes with unilateral exfoliative glaucoma. Clinical Ophthalmology, Volume 12, 1155-1162. doi: 10.2147/opth.s166958 Anon, (2018). [online] Available at: http://glaucoma stem cell [Accessed 15 Jan. 2018]. Anton, A. (2003). Early Detection of Glaucoma. Journal of Glaucoma, 12(1), pp.59-62. Karl, M. (2013). The potential of stem cell research for the treatment of neuronal damage in glaucoma. Cell and Tissue Research, 353(2), pp.311-325. Li, Y., Li, D., Ying, X., Khaw, P. and Raisman, G. (2015). An energy theory of glaucoma. Glia, 63(9), pp.1537-1552.