Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor Near Me

Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor Near Me

Best Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor Near Me

Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

What Causes Osteoarthritis of the Hands Hips and Knees?

The primary reason people have osteoarthritis in joints is due to the wear and tear of the joints, leading to the destruction of the articulating surface of the joint. It is often referred to as a degenerative joint disease. It can occur as a result of old age or due to being obese or because of an accident to that part of the body. It is the most common form of arthritis in the world, and it affects a lot of people. The situation may degenerate to the point that the best option will be to joint replacement surgery for the patient. There are typical occupations that predispose one to osteoarthritis, and also there are certain sports that can also put one at the risk of having osteoarthritis, especially the ones that involves putting pressure on the joints. Accidents can also lead to one being prone to this disease if it does not heal correctly or if it does not heal at all. Sometimes, it may also run in the family and may be transferred from one generation to another.

Osteoarthritis Signs and Symptoms

• Bow leg results because of the loss of the cartilages at the medial aspect of the knee, which are accompanied by tenderness and pain. • The formation of Heberden nodes at the tip of the fingers, on the location known as the distal interphalangeal joints, is characteristic of osteoarthritis. • The presence of Bouchard nodes visible in the middle of the fingers at the proximal interphalangeal joints is another feature of the disease. • Formation of Osteophytes at the joints which are more like addition bone formation called bone spurs. This could affect the knee joint or hip joints causing serious difficulty in movement. • Having a grating sensation that can be heard or felt when using the joint is another sign that one has osteoarthritis. • Subchondral sclerosis and cyst occur in the joints on the surface of the adjoining bones. • Narrowing of the joint spaces is observed on the radiograph as a result of the bones and cartilages being eroded gradually. • Pain in the weight-bearing region after use, probably after walking a long distance or using the joints over an extended period of time. • In Osteoarthritis there are no systemic symptoms.

What is Inflammatory Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease which erodes the surface of the bones and cartilages involved in the formation of joints. It causes a lot of pain in the individuals. They experience morning stiffness in their joints which does not stop for a period longer than an hour. The effect of the strain on the joints suffered by the patient is always symmetrical. It causes deformities and swelling of the soft tissues surrounding the joints, also narrowing the joint spaces. Typical treatment regimen to help the patient includes Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), glucocorticoids, disease-modifying agents like low dose methotrexate, and sulfasalazine

Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis and Treatment

10 Things to Know About Rheumatoid Arthritis

The most arguably important thing of note about rheumatoid arthritis is the fact that it is autoimmune arthritis disease. The difference between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis is that the former affects the entire body of the patient, unlike the latter that is only limited to particular joints in the body. Life expectancy is very low, most people realize this and sink into depression but with support especially from family, coping becomes tolerable. Age isn’t a factor, but gender is a factor. Women seemed to suffer more from the disease compared to their male counterparts, and the incidences of the cases also occur in earlier periods of women’s life compared to men. Demographics showed that about 1.4 million Americans suffer from Rheumatoid arthritis. The condition might even get deteriorated if not appropriately managed as osteoporosis may develop as well as osteoarthritis There’s hope, and one can be lucky enough to enter remission and be relieved from the constant pain for a substantial period of time. It takes a while before finally getting the best medication regimen to treat these patients, and palliative care is sort of the best manner of management. The chronic inflammation found in rheumatoid arthritis makes patients two times more likely to develop heart disease than the average person. Get help and find new ways to live your life, get out there and meet with a couple of people going through the same situation and in turn support each other and help one another go through this condition. The best way to know precisely what is wrong is to visit a Rheumatologist near me, book a visit, get examined and diagnosed correctly. Only then can one be sure of the exact condition one is suffering from and by doing this, one can now be advised on the appropriate form of management. It was always better to start the control of any disease or disorder as early as possible, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are no exceptions

Rheumatoid Arthritis Diagnosis and Treatment

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that does damage to the joints, and to the entire body in general. This disease causes signs and symptoms such as the swelling of the affected joints. It also causes the affected joints to become warm and painful. Persons affected with this disease find it difficult moving their joints, especially in the morning, although, it usually gets better in the later part of the day. Other conditions that are associated with this disease include anemia, inflammation around the lungs and the heart. Others include fatigue, fever and so on. The symptoms of this disease don’t just occur, but comes on gradually, over the years. The exact cause of this disease isn’t known yet. However, environmental and genetic factors have been identified to contribute largely to the development of the disease. The mechanism behind the development of the disease is autoimmunity. This is when the immune system fails to identify the healthy body tissues, and attacks them. In this case, the immune system attacks the tissues in the joints.

Best Diagnosis and Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

This leads to the inflammation of the components of the joint capsule. The components of the joint include bone, cartilage and so on. Physicians diagnose this disease by evaluating the complaints of the patient. In addition, they usually take an aspirate from the joint, for evaluation. Other tests that are performed include X-rays. This is done to eliminate other diseases that could cause similar symptoms. Diseases that present similarly to rheumatoid arthritis include systemic lupus erythematosus, osteoarthritis and so on. The treatment of plan of physicians is to reduce the inflammation, eliminate pain, and improve the general functioning of the body. They do this by recommending exercise and rest to the patient. They might also make use of braces and splints. Medications would also be administered to the patient. They are given, mostly to reduce pain, and to reduce the progression of the disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis causes various signs and symptoms. Although this disease mainly affects joints, it also affects other systems of the body. Below are some of them: a. Joints: Rheumatoid arthritis causes the inflammation of the membrane in the joints. This membrane is known as the synovial membrane. The function of the membrane is to prevent friction in the joints. This disease causes the joint to become warm, swollen, tender and rigid in movement. This disease usually starts by affecting one joint. However, the number of joints affected increases over time. The most commonly affected joints include the hands, feet, knee and shoulder joints. Patients do present with increased stiffness of joints in the morning, or after not being active for a long time. This is what differentiates rheumatoid arthritis from osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis affects the joints in a symmetrical fashion. This means that joints of the two sides of the body are affected. Other conditions that could develop as a result of the prolonged inflammation of the joints include ulnar deviation, swan neck deformity and so on.

Skin,Lungs,and Cardiovascular system

a. Rheumatoid arthritis also affects the skin. Some of the symptoms include necrotizing granuloma. This usually occurs as a result of an inflammatory reaction. In addition, patients might also develop vasculitis. This mostly occurs when rheumatoid arthritis is left untreated for a long time. Other skin conditions that could occur as a result of rheumatoid arthritis include pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet’s syndrome Persons affected with rheumatoid arthritis do present with pulmonary complications. Patients do develop some nodules in their lungs b. Persons affected with rheumatoid arthritis are more prone to developing conditions such as atherosclerosis. This increases their risk of developing heart conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Other complications that might occur include pericarditis, endocarditis, fibrosis, valvulitis and so on. Physicians prevent these complications by keeping the inflammatory effect of rheumatoid arthritis under check. This can be prevented by exercising regularly, and also taking medications. Aspirin is a good example of medications that can be used to prevent heart complications. However, you must take note of the gastrointestinal effects of the drug.

Effect of Reumatoid Atritis on the Renal, Hematological and Ophtalmological System

Rheumatoid arthritis causes anemia in patients. This occurs mainly due to chronic inflammation, caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Would increase the level of hepcidin in the blood. An elevated amount of hepcidin leads to the anemia of chronic disease. Other blood disorder patients present with include an increase in platelet count. : Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause some renal complications. Examples of this include the development of abnormal proteins in the kidney. This condition is known as renal amyloidosis. Physicians treat this disease by administering penicillamine Rheumatoid arthritis also causes some eye complications. Examples of diseases that patients might present with include episcleritis. In severe cases, this can progress to perforating scleromalacia

Rheumatoid Arthritis Doctor Near Me

Causes and Treatment Rheumatoid Arthritis

The exact cause of the disease is not known. However, environmental and genetic factors have been identified to be the causes of the disease. Autoimmunity is the main mechanism behind the development of the disease. The immune system attacks the healthy joint tissues, causing inflammation in the joints Physicians diagnose this disease by evaluating the signs and symptoms of the patient. Different tests are also carried out, to exclude other diseases that share similarities with rheumatoid arthritis. Some of these tests include a blood test, imaging tests and so on. In the blood test, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the C-reactive protein are checked. An increase would indicate the presence of an inflammatory reaction in the body.

To diagnose rheumatoid arthritis medical examinations are carried out, family history is monitored, and several blood tests are done to look for HLA-DR4 markers and ACPA (Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide Antibody) and most importantly rheumatoid factor. Radiographs are also prescribed to see the level of damage already done to the joints and the level of inflammation of the synovial joint. When physicians are diagnosing osteoarthritis, one of the most important things they do is to order X-rays and MRIs scans for the patient. These scans are meant to provide information regarding the degree of degradation and havoc done to the joints already. Unlike rheumatoid arthritis, the diagnosis of osteoarthritis cannot be confirmed by blood examinations. How Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated? There is no cure for this disease. However, medications are usually given to improve the symptoms, and also slow down the progression of the disease. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic agents are the first line drugs in the treatment of rheumatic arthritis and have been the most effective medication for the disease. They are capable of reducing and stopping the progression of the disease. Although, it’s best to combine them with pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Examples include Methotrexate: They work by improving the symptoms. They are anti-folate drugs. References "Handout on Health: Rheumatoid Arthritis." National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. August 2014. Archived from the original on June 30, 2015. Retrieved July 2, 2015. Majithia V, Geraci SA (2007). "Rheumatoid arthritis: diagnosis and management." Am. J. Med. 120 (11): 936–9. PMID 17976416. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2007.04.005.