Hand surgery: This division of surgery is concerned with the treatment of acute injuries, long-term diseases of the upper extremities, nerve problems such as carpal tunnel syndrome and so on. This field also deals with procedures such as amputation. The field of plastic surgery is huge and has some divisions under it. Below are some of the subdivisions: Cosmetic surgery: This is an important division under plastic surgery that includes facial and body aesthetic surgery. Plastic surgeons make use of surgical principles in reconstructive surgery, as well as other fields of plastic surgery to improve the appearance of their patients. 1. Burn surgery: This can be divided into two parts. They include acute burn surgery and reconstructive burn surgery. They are used on individuals that have undergone different degrees of burn.
Craniofacial surgery: This type of plastic surgery is also divided into different parts. They include pediatric and adult craniofacial surgery. Pediatric craniofacial surgery is used for the treatment of babies or children that has defects of the face, and soft tissues. Examples include cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, fractures and so on. This can also be done in adults, for the treatment of mostly fracture and secondary surgeries. 2 Microsurgery: This field has to do with the reconstruction of tissues that need to be replaced. This is usually done by transferring tissues from one part of the body to another. The blood vessels are also reconnected.
The nose job: This procedure is also known as rhinoplasty. It is a surgery that is carried out on the nose. It is done to either change the shape of the nose or to improve its function. Breathing difficulties can be solved by remodifying the nose. Also, congenital nasal defects and acquired disfigurement of the nose can also be corrected with a nose job. The nose tends to change the older people grow. As an illustration, the nose tends to flatten out and widen. Plastic surgeons correct this by reshaping the nose with a filler. Hyaluronic acid, a component of the ground substance is passed into the dorsum of the nose through injections. This eventually reduces the width of the nose, making it look as slim as possible.
There are different types of implants. Breast implants are prosthesis that is placed inside the breast, to either augment it or change the way it looks. Below are the 3 types of breast implants: Saline implants: These types of implants are filled with sterile saline solutions. The saline solution is enclosed within an elastomer silicone shell. These shells exist in different sizes. The size that would be used depends on what the patient wants. The size affects the firmness, shape and feel of the breast. In situations where the saline, leaks, it’d be absorbed by the body, and naturally passed out. Silicone gel-filled implants: This type of implant contains a silicone It’s also enclosed in a silicone outer shell, However, in a situation where the implant leaks, the gel will remain in the shell, or escape into the breast implant pocket. People that settle for this type of implant would have to go for more regular check-ups, as compared to saline implants.
What Are The Risks Associated With Breast Augmentation? Painful breast: Patients may complain of pain in their breast. However, this tends to reduce over time. Infection: Patients might catch an infection during the surgery. This can be severe if left untreated. Bleeding: This is a common risk associated with surgeries. The patient might experience bleeding, post-surgery. Patients must inform the physician if this persists days after the surgery. Tummy Tuck This procedure is also known as abdominoplasty. It’s a procedure that is done to remove loose skin and excess fat from the abdomen. Also, the abdomen is also tightened. This gives the abdomen an improved contour, tone and function. This procedure also involves the repair of the abdominal muscles, especially after pregnancy. Below are some of the benefits of a tummy tuck. Used for correcting protruding abdomen, that occurred due to stretched muscles and skin To correct abdominal muscles that are weakened by pregnancy To fix abdominal muscles that are impaired as a result of ageing To remove excess fat in the abdomen, that won’t go with exercise and diet To remove sagging abdominal skin that may remain after previous abdominal scars What Are The Common Complications Of Plastic Surgery? Research has shown that Americans have spent more than 7 Billion dollars of plastic surgery as of 2013. The numbers would have significantly increased by now, 5 years later. People go for plastic surgeries for different reasons. Some do improve their appearance, while others do it to enhance their body functions and overall health. However, just like all surgeries, plastic surgical procedures also come with complications. Below are some of the most prevalent complications of plastic surgery: Hematoma: A hematoma is the accumulation of blood outside a blood vessel. This can occur as a result of diseases, or injury, due to trauma or surgery. A hematoma is initially in fluid form, before it spreads between the tissues where it accumulates, coagulate before blood is reabsorbed into blood vessels. This is a common occurrence in plastic surgical procedures. Hematomas can be seen under the surface of the skin, and can also be felt. They do feel like a lump under the skin. In a lot of cases, the hematoma eventually dissolves. However, they sometimes don’t dissolve and would keep growing. In this case, the hematoma might have to be surgically removed, and the affected part of the body repaired and cleaned. What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Hematoma? Some of the signs and symptoms of hematoma include the following: Shock: Shock may occur if the patient loses a lot of blood, without any form of intervention. Patients in this condition would present with a low blood pressure, cool and sweaty skin, and a reduced function of the mental activities. Patients might also present with confusion. Nerve damage: This is a common complication of plastic surgery. Plastic surgeons sometimes make the mistake of cutting a nerve while carrying out a procedure. Patients affected by this would present with signs and symptoms such as numbness and tingling of the areas affected. Also, they might also display insensitivity in the areas affected. Infection: Every type of surgical procedure carries a risk of infection. Plastic surgical surgeries are also not exempted. As an illustration, in breast surgeries, patients often present with conditions such as cellulitis. This is a common complication in breast surgical procedures. This can be severe, if not well managed. Deep vein thrombosis: A thrombus is a blood clot, that forms around fat cells in the vessels. They are capable of gradually blocking the lumen of the arteries. Also, a thrombus can break off, and travel to block any another vessel. They are referred to as emboli when this happens. These clots tend to form mostly in the legs. However, they can also travel to the lungs, where they’d lead to pulmonary embolism, a severe condition. Scarring: Although cosmetic surgery improves the overall appearance of an individual. Scars can be unsettling to look at. Hypertrophic scars can also develop as a result of a plastic surgical procedure. Dissatisfaction with overall appearance: Although a vast majority of people are usually impressed with their looks, after cosmetic surgery, not everyone would be satisfied. For example, people that undergo breast procedure, might not be happy with the way they look after the surgery. The sad part is that you can’t be restored to the way you were before the surgery was performed. Damage to organs: Organs can be damaged during plastic surgical procedures. For example, liposuction can be traumatic for internal organs. Some of the common damages include perforation and punctures of the organs. The repair of this would require another surgical procedure. Sometimes, the damage of the organs can be life-threatening. Seroma: This is a condition that happens when the serum from the patient’s blood deposit under the surface of the skin. This condition causes swelling and pain. It is one of the common complications of a tummy tuck. Physicians do treat this condition by draining it with needles, to remove them. What Are Risks Associated with Plastic Surgical Procedures? All forms of surgery are risky, and the same applies to plastic surgeries. Below are some of the prevalent risks associated with cosmetic surgeries. Scarring: Surgeons make significant efforts in ensuring procedures are scar free. The problem still occurs, even though it’s in the minority. Overall health state: People who don’t have a good state of health might an increased risk of developing other conditions after the surgery. Examples of this condition might include heart disease, hypertension and so on. Infection: Every type of surgical procedure carries a risk of infection. Plastic surgical surgeries are not exempt. As an illustration, in breast surgeries, patients often present with conditions such as cellulitis. This is a common complication in breast surgical procedures. This can be severe, if not well managed. Bleeding: This may occur if the patient loses a lot of blood without any form of intervention. Patients in this condition will present with a low blood pressure, cool and sweaty skin, and a reduced function of the brain. Patients might also present with confusion. References Black, M. and Marshman, G. (2010). Dermatology and pemphigus vulgaris: Association or coincidence?. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 52(2), pp.e11-e14. Greenberg, S. (2014). Sustained autoimmune mechanisms in dermatomyositis. The Journal of Pathology, 233(3), pp.215-216. Lam, C. and Vleugels, R. (2012). Management of cutaneous bruises. Dermatologic Therapy, 25(2), pp.112-134. 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