The skin is the largest organ in the body, based on surface area. The skin separates the inside of the body from the outside of the body. It has a lot of functions, including protecting the body from organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and so on. It helps in the regulation of temperature. It does by insulating it us with its fat content and lowering the hairs to keep the warm air trapped when it’s cold. It also helps in the manufacture of vitamin D from the sunlight.
There a lot of diseases and disorders that can develop on the skin. Some of the conditions acne, rosacea, cancer, impetigo, hives, eczema and so on. These conditions occur because of allergies, irritants, infection, and impairment of the immune system. Skin disorders and diseases cause people a lot of discomforts and can lead to psychological complications such as anxiety, depression and so on. A lot of skin disorders can be treated by using over-the-counter medications, and a change in lifestyle. However, there are some skin disorders that need the attention of a dermatologist.
Below are some of the common skin disorders and diseases you should know about and treatment: Acne: This a disease that occurs when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This condition causes pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads to appear on different parts of the body, such as the face, back, shoulder and so on. This skin disease is more prominent in children, although it can affect anyone, regardless of age. There are some over-the-counter medications that are effective in the treatment of this disease. However, some variants of acne are severe and persistent. While some pimples may start healing, others might start developing, and this can continue for months and years if nothing is done to fix it.
This disease is also known as atopic dermatitis. It’s a chronic disease. Some of the common signs and symptoms of the disease include redness and itching of the skin. Patients also present with dry skin, thickened, crackled and scaly skin, and a small raised bump on the skin, which might leak fluid when scratched. Eczema has been connected to genetics. Some people lack the genes that give the skin the ability to fight off infections, irritants, and allergens. Physicians treat this disease by administering creams and medications that would fight off infections. It’s important to see a dermatologist near you, especially when you’ve tried over-the-counter medications, and they’ve failed to work.
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