One of the major causes of sleep apnea is Obesity. Sleep apnea has been found to occur more in people who are overweight. The first sign of the disorder is felt when the patient has difficulty with sleeping or even sleeps but wakes without feeling refreshed. Most people with sleep apnea including obese people find it hard to work in the day, as they continuously battle sleep and fatigue. This could lead to accidents or slow reactions to activities within the day. Old age can also lead to an individual having sleep apnea. Old age can lead to a lot of diseases because the body starts failing and a lot of organs begin to regress. Adipocytes fill up the organs of the body as one gets older, regeneration continually happens in the life of a human, but that gets reduced as aging progresses, causing replacement of dead tissues to cease.
Brain trauma is another way of developing sleep apnea. Any injury to the brain can affect, the respiratory center of the brain or the part of the brain that controls the sleep can be affected together or independently, causing great havoc to the sleep cycle of the individual. The mind is in charge of regulating all the activities in the body and sleep is not an exception. Since, rest is a form of resetting the brain, the injury to the cerebral hemisphere can lead to many disorders which can be devastating such as coordination, sensation or even movement. But, the ability to breathe during sleeping is very vital and essential that when lost is even more fatal, because it can lead to further complications.
Drugs and substance use or abuse by people can also cause sleep apnea. This is particularly critical as it can lead to decreased muscle tone of the respiratory muscles. When the muscle tone is weak, even when a conscious effort is made to contract or relax the muscles, it becomes inadequate for proper respiration to take place. The challenge is when awake, an extra attempt can be made, but when asleep, the brain patient does not sense the need for the extra effort, and thus the patient suffers from an apneic attack. Diseases such as recurrent tonsillitis can also lead to having disturbed sleep due to sleep apnea. When there is inflammation of the tonsils, and it keeps coming back, especially when not treated properly, it can affect the heart, but more specifically, it can affect the tonsils and obstruct the windpipe during sleep. People suffering from sleep apnea as a result of this can typically make an extra effort to force breathing during hours of wakefulness. However, as soon as they fall asleep and they are no longer conscious, the faculty of the brain to notify them of having obstructed breath is lost, and they may only be awakened when the brain senses a threat to life from a lack of oxygen to the brain
Children may not appear predominantly suffer from sleep apnea. However, studies have revealed that majority of the children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AHDH) present with signs and symptoms of sleep apnea. This calls for concern because children respond to stress differently compared to adults since their brain is still developing kids are at more risk of having their brain damaged as a result of inadequate sleep. The sad story is that all the complications of the disorder are still applicable to the condition in children, and if left unattended to and appropriately treated, can lead to severe disorders in more than one part of the body of the affected child.
Sleep Apnea Testing at a Sleep Center Near Me There are quite a lot of notable sleep centers that one could visit for both diagnosis and treatment. One could find them online if there are any difficulties in getting any around. Doctors will be glad to recommend tested and trusted sleep centers to patients in need as well. There one can be exposed to Overnight pulse and sleep polysomnography among other tests. Home Sleep Apnea Test If you are a bit reserved or just not interested in leaving the comfort of your home to another place, it is not mandatory to have these tests in the hospitals alone, as there are considerations to having proper monitoring in private homes. Some of the tests that can be done in the comfort of the house are: Single channel home recording Home oximetry Epworth sleepiness scale Dentist Treating Sleep Apnea with Oral Appliance The standard treatment for sleep apnea is CPAP (Continuous positive airway pressure) which keeps the airway open and intact steadily due to positive pressure. Another option is BPAP (Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure) which has two pressure settings, one for inhalation and the second one for exhalation. The effectiveness of oral appliances is only limited to obstructive sleep apnea because it cannot help with the brain malfunction as experienced in central sleep apnea compared simple obstruction. Mouthpieces have been developed for managing sleep apnea, and they can be personalized and customized especially to provide smooth breathing for revitalization and a refreshing night’s rest for individuals. When to See a Sleep Medicine Specialist Near Me It is highly recommended to visit a Doctor once any of the above symptoms are experienced. Physicians are experts at managing this disorder and prescribing the proper mode of treatment in the patient. If you are suffering from constant fatigue, snoring, mood swings among other symptoms, visit a specialist and get examined. If you need extra motivation, think of your loved one and your life is worth living, but not just living anyhow, but living healthily. References Mayo Clinic. (2018). Sleep apnea – Symptoms and causes. [online] Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sleep-apnea/symptoms-causes/syc-20377631 [Accessed 20 Mar. 2018]. Nhlbi.nih.gov. (2017). Sleep Apnea | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). [online] Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/sleep-apnea [Accessed 20 Mar. 2018]. Phillips, K. (2015). Sleep Apnea in Children: Symptoms, Health Risks, Diagnosis & Treatment. [online] Alaskasleep.com. Available at: http://www.alaskasleep.com/blog/sleep-apnea-in-children-symptoms-health-risks-diagnosis-treatment [Accessed 20 Mar. 2018]. Phillips, K. (2015). What is a Polysomnogram Test?. [online] Alaskasleep.com. Available at: http://www.alaskasleep.com/blog/what-is-a-polysomnogram-test [Accessed 20 Mar. 2018]. SleepApnea.org. (2017). Children’s Sleep Apnea – SleepApnea.org. [online] Available at: https://www.sleepapnea.org/treat/childrens-sleep-apnea/ [Accessed 20 Mar. 2018].